• Jogjakarta, Indonesia

Merapi Eruption Appeal

june 2011 PROGRESS REPORT

It has now been over 7 months since the initial eruption of Mount Merapi. As of 3 December 2010 the eruption had claimed the lives of 353 people. At the height of emergency the number of displaced people was over 300,000. The National Disaster Management Agency officially declared the emergency response period over on 9 December 2010.

As of early March 2011, approximately 70,000 were still living in temporary accommodation. The number of displaced people has declined since then, however the number of families facing permanent displacement remains high. The government does not want families to return to live in the danger zone below the mountain, but is having trouble supplying any permanent option for relocation. Families have been left in a state of confusion, many living in temporary shelters built on land owned by friends, family or the Sultan. Furthermore, cold lava flows continue to threaten areas surrounding the volcano.  Cold larva flows arise when rain washes volcanic ash and other volcanic material from the top of the mountain.

The report below provides a summary of QuakeFund’s activities to date. QuakeFund has provided funds for three short term response projects and one medium term assistance project. QuakeFund is now focusing on longer-term reconstruction and recovery activities. We have received a number of proposals from local communities regarding small livelihoods or income generating projects. These opportunities are complex and will take time to develop. QuakeFund is currently working through these opportunities with local NGOs and community leaders. The government has not been clear with what it will assist with and therefore it is difficult for NGOs to know how to best help.

Working with local community members and local NGOs QuakeFund has been able to maintain extremely low overheads, which have then been fully covered by Dave’s consulting business, rather than donor money. Through this system, QuakeFund has been able to have the greatest effect with the least dollars.

QuakeFund would like to thank a number of people for their recent assistance; Bakti, for handling the initial stages of the Merapi Appeal with an absent boss; Kim and Sarah, for getting the QuakeFund website up and running; Alex, for assisting with the website during the Merapi Appeal; Carla, who is currently living in Yogya and volunteering three days a week with QuakeFund; and Luke Simon and Garry Stokoe, for their ongoing support.

1.    financial summary

Thanks to everyone who has very generously donated to the Merapi Eruption Appeal. We have raised 11,329AUD. So far we have provided funds for four projects worth 5,776AUD. Summaries of these projects are provided below and detailed reports are currently available (or will shortly be available) on the QuakeFund Web Page (http://quake-fund.org/). We are in the process of funding another longer-term reconstruction and recovery project worth 1,500AUD

Table 1: Financial Summary as of 1 june 2011

Project Local Partner Budget (AUD)
Completed
Livestock evacuation DeJarup 1,779
Emergency water supply DeJarup 1,170
Supporting short-term basic needs Bingkai 878
Temporary village lighting project ACICIS 1,949
Proposed
Rebuilding livelihoods in Deles Lintas Merapi 1,500
Total Funds (completed and proposed) 7,276
Funds Remaining 4,053

 

2.    summary of projects funded

1.1. Helping displaced farmers of belernate to maintain their livelihoods (Livestock evacuation)

Implementing Partner: Dejarup

Total Project Cost: 1,779 AUD

Output: Evacuation of 195 cows from the village of Balerante

In this project QuakeFund worked with its local partner DeJarup to help displaced farmers in the village of Balernate save their remaining livestock so that they could continue to have a source of income for the future.

Following the eruption of Merapi, an evacuation zone of 20km from the crater was declared. Despite the risks, dozens of villages displaced by the disaster returned to their village to check on their livestock. Concern for the safety of the livestock was a very common and critical concern among Merapi evacuees. Many villagers have been working much of their lives to obtain and care for livestock.

Of the 1300 cows in the village of Belerante only 15% remained alive following the eruption. On the 10th of November 2010, several villagers of Balerante were assisted by DeJarup to begin an evacuation of the remaining livestock. Through QuakeFund’s assistance DeJarup was able to provide two trucks to carry out the excavation over a period of seven days. QuakeFund has also provided assistance so that the Belernate residents could feed their livestock.

1.2. providing emergency water supplies in balernate and glagharjo villages

Implementing Partner: Dejarup

Total Project Cost: 1,170 AUD

Output: Emergency freshwater supplied to 2341 individuals for three months

QuakeFund assisted with the early response by providing clean water to two villages whose water supply had been severely damaged by the volcanic eruption.  During the eruption water supply pipes to the village were destroyed by hot gas. Water stores were also contaminated by animal carcasses, volcanic ash and other volcanic material. Once it was deemed safe for evacuees to return home, our local partner DeJarup quickly assessed the freshwater requirements of the 2419 residents in Balerante and Glagharjo. DeJarup already had water containers donated by Oxfam from a previous emergency that they were able to use. QuakeFund was able to assist by providing the funds to purchase the water and rent vehicles to transport the water to the two villages. Water was supplied to Balernate and Glagharjo for three months while permanent water supply solutions were negotiated with the Government.

1.3. providng emergency provisions and livelihood rebuilding

Implementing Partner: Bingaki

Total Project Cost: 878 AUD

Output: Emergency supplies for 67 people from Kepuharjo, emergency supplies for 57 people from Petung, and screen printing machine and equipment.

In this project QuakeFund worked with local partner Bingkai to achieve two outcomes, firstly, to provide emergency provisions to evacuees and, secondly, to assist with livelihood rebuilding. Bingkai with funding from QuakeFund was able to provide emergency supplies in the form of food and cooking equipment, as well, as hygiene kits to evacuees in three villages.

Whilst working with Merapi evacuees, Bingkai identified a livelihood rebuilding opportunity for the community of Petung, who had been evacuated to the Maguwohardo Stadium in Yogyakarta. With assistance from QuakeFund Bingkai bought a screen printing press and screen printing equipment for the village. Using their time in the evacuation centre the villages learnt the process of screen printing with the plan to open a community screen printing business once they able to return to their village.

1.4. gondong 1 temporary village lighting project


Implementing Partner: Students from ACICIS (Australian Consortium for In-Country Indonesian Studies)

Total Project Cost: 1,949 AUD

Output: One outdoor light and fitting for each of the 186 shelters in Gondang 1.

In this project QuakeFund worked with two ACICIS students who were living in the Gondang 1 temporary village as part of a development studies work experience project. Gondang 1 is the temporary location for the displaced villagers who formally lived in Kaliadem, Jambu and Petung (three villages obliterated by the eruption).

The students quickly realised that the street lighting in the village was inadequate and street lighting was needed to ensure villagers safety, security and support their night activities.

In discussion with QuakeFund it as decided that this would be a perfect opportunity to trial the highly energy efficient 3 watt LED globes. While more expensive than the traditional fluorescent globes, the 3 watt LED globes have a much longer life span and use much less energy.

On 4 June 2011, the lightings and fittings were provided to the villagers and the villagers started installation.

3.    continuing assistance

While the official emergency response period is over this has not meant that life has returned to normal for many of the victims of the Merupi eruption.

The situation with families displaced by the eruption remains unclear. As of early March 20011 there were still approximately 70,000 displaced people. The government does not want families to return to live in the danger zone below the mountain, but is having trouble supplying any permanent option for relocation. Families have been left in a state of confusion, many living in temporary shelters built on land owned by friends, family or the Sultan. Their immediate needs are generally covered, although many have lost their income source and face a bleak future. Most of their land is covered in rocks, sand and rubble and water supplies and irrigation channels are broken. Evacuees who have since returned home face similar problems.

QuakeFund is now focusing on longer-term reconstruction and recovery activities. We have received a number of proposals from local communities regarding small livelihoods or income generating projects such as one to revive a community’s gamelan performance capacity, one to help build traditional healing capacity as an income generation program and another to assist with rebuilding a village’s capacity as a tourist centre. QuakeFund is considering these proposals.

QuakeFund has also identified opportunities for alternative income generating activities, such as mushroom or fish farming. There are also opportunities for planting trees and bamboo in decimated lands, or other crops that do not require close daily management or intensive irrigation. These opportunities are complex and will take time to develop. QuakeFund is currently working through these opportunities with local NGOs and community leaders.

4.    summary

We would once again like to thank everyone for their support with the Merapi Appeal. We’ll be providing another summary soon so you can keep track of the next phase of projects. In the meantime, you can follow our progress on QuakeFund’s website http://quake-fund.org/ or Facebook page QuakeFund Indonesia.

One Response to “Merapi Eruption Appeal”

  1. admin says:

    You’re welcome Ross. Anything we can provide to broaden knowledge to one another, don’t hesitate to contact us.

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